I present to you my dear readers an interesting breed. No tail but “with head”.
Today’s topic is Manx, breed under magnifying glass.
I say it’s an interesting breed because it’s a tailless cat. Yes, as you read, it’s a tailless cat. Maybe you haven’t even heard of this breed.
So let’s see Manx, breed under magnifying glass.
Located in the Irish Sea, halfway between Great Britain and Ireland, the Isle of Man is home to the legendary Manx cat breed.
Neither the Vikings, nor the Scots, nor even the English, have been able to unravel the mystery of the appearance of these cats. The only ones in the world who completely lack a tail.
Celtic folklore tells that the warriors of those distant times used to carry a cat’s tail with them in a battle to be lucky. Because of this, the smarter mother cats broke the chicks’ tails from birth to protect them from possible mutilation.
Another legend says that the Manx cats were the last creatures of the lord to climb the Ark, and Noah hurriedly closed the door over their tails and broke it. Exasperated by the loss, the cats left Ararat and swam to the Isle of Man. Here found their home.
For a time, tailless cats, often mentioned in China, Japan, Malaysia and Russia, thought to come from the Far East.
They brought to Europe by Spanish sailors before the disappearance of the invincible Armada of King Philip II of Spain in 1588.
A 1960 study by Harvard professor Neil Todd showed that Asian cats without The tails are completely different from those on the Isle of Man. Asian specimens, like Japanese Bobtail cats, but, have a short tail. The Manx has no tail at all. The last coccyges bone is absent.
Manx cats are also called “bunny” because they have shorter front paws than hind legs.
They have to run in jumps.
The most plausible explanation for the complete lack of a tail is that Manx cats appeared as a result of a spontaneous genetic mutation caused by an autosomal dominant gene.
This happened on the Isle of Man and the feature spread among the feline population in the area.
Manx psyches were first noticed in England in the late 19th century. The first Manx club founded in 1901.
Highly valued in the United States and the United Kingdom, this cat is extremely rare in France.
The Manx breed represented by cats with short fur. But there is also a variety with long fur, called Cymric.
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Manx is a medium-sized cat. It weighs around 3.5-5.5 kg. She has a compact, robust appearance, impressive for its roundness.
She has a solid body construction. The chest is wide. The head is large, round. The ears are medium or small, positioned at a distance. The chin is strong. Prominent cheekbones.
The large, almond-shaped eyes give the Manx cat’s face an expression of tenderness and vivid intelligence.
Characteristic for Manx is the fact that the hind limbs are longer than the forelegs. Its back arched and the ribs are higher than the line of the hips. That’s why the Manx jumps like a bunny.
Her fur is very thick, plush, and rich under hair. Many colors, color combinations and patterns accepted (except for those with dots) – brindle, bi color, turtle, calico, etc.
All Manx kittens are born with blue eyes. The color changes along the way so that when they reach maturity, they get a shade matching that of the fur.
How many types of Manx are?
Manx breeders have identified four types:
- RUMPIES- show quality cats that have no caudal vertebrae at all or coccyges
- RUPIE RISERS- cats that do not have caudal vertebrae but have one to three coccyges vertebrae- a small beak where they should be the tail. But, it is difficult for referees to identify –
- STUMPIES specimens that can be confused with Bobtail cats, with a short tail of a few centimetres (1-3 caudal vertebrae).
- LONGIES – cats with a regular length tail.
The last types described cannot take part in exhibitions but they have the gift of being exceptional pets. It retains all the defining characteristics of Manx cats except the absence of the tail.
Both varieties, both short-haired and long-haired, appeared naturally on the Isle of Man. But only the first enjoyed depopulation in feline shows.
Manx cats were first featured in a feline exhibition in 1871.
In 1976, the Canadian Feline Association recognized the Manx Longhair (long fur) distinct from Manx and named it a Cymric.
The North American registry also followed suit in 1990.
Later, the CFA (Cat Lovers Association) united both varieties into a single Manx breed. But, they presented separately in the shows.
Manx is a loving, sociable cat (friendly even with other animals, active. She spins discreetly, meows almost imperceptibly. She has playful glints in her eyes.
She spends her time investigating the world.
She always wants to be the center of attention and be part of the family.
He possesses an incredible ability to adapt to people’s psychological needs and changes in the environment.
In a home where there are children-educated to love and care animal- Manx cat will spend most of their time in their room. She will supervise the movement of the cars on the carpet or the combing of the dolls. She
is often caught collecting various objects around the house She can teach to bring them to the owner.
It can say with certainty that Max cats are not suitable for those who only want a beautiful cat as an ornament in the
house. The Manx cat will never be content to decorate a window.
Breeders often laugh saying Manx kittens would sell with warning note hanging necks. The reason? The condition for these cats is contagious. It often happens that when the wife buys a Manx kitten, the husband falls in love with this special cat.
Most of the time, the wife decides to buy another Manx chick. The first is already taken over by her husband.
As a result, in very few homes there is only one Manx cat.
The fascination of Manx kittens with water often amazes new owners. Although they like to sprayed with tap water, kittens will not be too happy to take a full bath.
The Manx is an indoor cat.
She likes to spend time at home. It must not allowed access to the outside, threatened by all kinds of dangers.
Under these conditions, life expectancy rises to about 15 years.
Manx puppies grow slowly and need supervision and care.
Homozygous kittens carrying the second “dose” of dominant mutant genes die in the womb due to incomplete development. So, all Manx cats are heterozygous. It is not advisable to cross two Manx Rumpy specimens. There is a possibility of a lethal gene.
To avoid this phenomenon, it recommended pairing a Manx with an American Shorthair or a British Shorthair.
Lack of tail implies insufficient development of spinal nerves. This can lead to paralysis and other serious health problems.
Manx cats distinguished by having no tail at all. The hind limbs are longer than the forelegs. The back is short and rounded.
The hips are higher than shoulder level.
Too short a column causes some specimens of the breed to go in leaps – which is abnormal. These copies called Manx Hop and are not accepted in the Show.
Health problems become more severe as the spine becomes shorter.
Many Manx cats suffer from colitis.
But, tailless cats have more frequent urinary disorders than their tailed smiles.
The Manx cat should amazed by its roundness. The head should be round with a firm outline. The bottle must rounded. The cheeks are prominent. The chest is well-developed and wide. The forelegs are quite short. The back is short and arches from west to croup. The thighs are muscular, large and rounded.
A Manx specimen should be alert, with playful sparkling eyes and silky, shiny fur.
It must also be surprisingly hard when raised in the arms. They reach maturity a little later than other cats.
The head has a round shape. The cheeks are prominent (a feature easier to notice in mature specimens). The mandible is slightly protruding, accentuating the roundness of the head.
In profile, the head is of medium length and the stop is not very pronounced.
The muzzle is quite developed, at its length slightly exceeding the width. The chin is prominent.
The Manx cat has long mustaches. The paws have rich tufts of fur. The neck is short and thick. The medium-sized ears, positioned at a distance from each other, facing forward, are wide at the base and have rounded tips.
The eyes are large, round, slightly almond-shaped. The ideal color is the one that is in harmony with that of the fur.
The body of the Manx Cat has a muscular, compact, medium-sized body with a strong bone structure. It amazes with its wide chest and thighs raised above shoulder level.
The shape of the body, characterized by a constant repetition of springs and circles, gives the impression of robustness and strength, out of the ordinary. Males are slightly larger than females.
The flanks – the sides of the thighs – are larger and wider than in cats of other breeds. For this reason, when viewed from the profile, the body line tilted forward.
The back is short and arches between the shoulders and hips. This feature contributes to the rounded appearance of the body.
The length of the hind limbs must be equal to the length of the body.
Lack of tail
In the standard specimens, the tail is completely missing. It allowed the presence of several bones at the end of the spine, higher. If they stop the referee’s hand or damage the cat’s tailless aspect, it penalized.
The forelegs are short, positioned at a distance, emphasizing the wide and deep chest. The bones are strong.
The hind limbs are longer than the forelegs, muscular, with large, broad thighs. This makes the line of the hips to located on a higher plane than that of the shoulders.
The paws are solid, round, with 5 toes on the forelegs and 4 on the hind limbs.
The fur length of the short-furfur .
The fur double is short and thick, with a rich undercoat. It is shorter during the summer months. The fur is glossy and silky.
The length of the fur in Cymric cats (those with long fur) the double fur, of medium length, is getting longer and longer, starting from the shoulders to the thighs.
The flanks and abdomen covered with longer fur than the rest of the body.
The neck surrounded by a rich collar, which continues on the chest. The ears and paws have long tufts of fur. The fur is silky, soft, shiny and plush, due to the rich undercoat.
Manx cat fur colours
For the Manx breed many colors accepted in the competition: white, black, blue, red, cream, silver chinchilla, shaded silver, smoky black, smoky blue, classic brindle, dotted -mackerel, tortoiseshell, calico, dilute calico, bi color. Any other colors and patterns accepted. Exceptions are those that show obvious signs of hybridisation-chocolate-coloured fur, lilac. T
hey have a dot and white pattern combined with these colors.
The eyes must be in harmony with the fur.
If you want a loving, sociable cat (friendly even with other animals), active, Manx is for you. If you have children, don’t worry: this cat will spend most of its time with the children in their room.
These cats have the incredible ability to adapt to the psychological needs of humans but also changes in the environment.
And last but not least, you can expect that after you have taken a cat, you will want another one.
It does not necessarily need to submitted to the contest, it may have small physical imperfections. But they are all adorable.
I would be happy to leave you a comment in which to tell me your opinion about these cats. Thanks. I adore them.
You can now learn to communicate directly with your cat.