Today I present the Persian-breed cat under a magnifying glass. I say “under a magnifying glass” because I will present the breed history, character, maintenance, nutrition, health problems but also the standard in exhibitions.
So let me start by presenting the Persian- breed under a magnifying glass.
Italian scientist Pietro Della Valle recalls in one of his travel descriptions, around 1626, about a cat with a very fine, long, silky hair, with a dense tail, which he encountered in the Chorsan region of Persia.
It is assumed that the Persian appeared as a result of a genetic mutation suffered by a short-haired cat, probably of Egyptian origin. It was found that there is no wild cat with such a long fur. The very cold weather in Turkey and Iran favored such a change.
The Persian cat plays the antagonistic traits, although it is assumed that Persian and cats angora share not only the geographical vicinity of the place. In the breeding and reproduction of the angora cat (from Ankara), preserving its original appearance and character was essential.
Comparatively, the Persian cat has undergone a complete transformation
Selective breeding began more than 100 years ago, with the first standard proposal coming from the one who made it and spread it, Harrison Weir.
He also organized, in 1871, the first cat exhibition in modern Europe, at Crystal Palace in London.
Crossings with the Angora breed or practiced improving the quality of the fur, carrying out systematic work to obtain the ranges of colors and motifs, known today, which have more than 250 varieties.
The Persian, with her unwavering charm, is considered “the aristocrat of cats”. She received the best recommendations.
Sociable, peaceful, never aggressive, sweet and affectionate, showing a special attachment to the master.
The Persian understands perfectly with children and dogs. Is reserved for foreigners. Mild discreet and quite rare. It reaches maturity around the age of 16-18 months and the puberty period, four to six months.
The Persian cat is not a work of art, although many consider it to be so, due to the time needed for its toilet. It is not the fluttering of threads, suffocating, but rather careful with people.
For the Persian cat growth, it takes time, patience and the ability to keep calm.
The well-educated animal, especially the rider, is charming and becomes a pleasant companion. He is not disturbed by the characteristic curiosity of other breeds, he does not want to distract or to investigate everything.
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If you are going to adopt a Persian cat, you must know that it is not enough to just provide it with a large and comfortable place. It already requires from the chicken phase special care, fur maintenance being a complicated activity.
If you do not pay proper attention, the fur of the Persian, which has about 200 threads / square mm, becomes violated and causes a state of discomfort.
Brushing the cat should take at least 15 minutes. It is done in the opposite direction of hair growth and aims to remove dead strands, dust, and knots, which are frequently formed.
Pay close attention to the tail, the labia, and the abdomen, these being very sensitive areas.
Brush and face, very careful and delicate. For this, you can use a toothbrush.
Brushing is an opportunity to inspect skin, ears, and lips if there are parasites.
A bath is a common event for a Persian. It is advisable to take a bath once a week. The water temperature must be appropriate. Use a special shampoo for cats. Avoid its penetration into eyes and ears. After the bath, wipe the fur very well and dry it at room temperature.
The fur is stained during the meal. It is advisable to use small vessels so that the collar does not get dirty. After the meal, it is indicated to clean . If, however, it has become dirty and in time the fur has changed its color, you will have to clean it with a piece of cotton soaked in shampoo.
You should also take care of the fur around your eyes. Boric acid is very good for removing stains.
Food and health problems
Cats are carnivorous. Their menu is based on fish, poultry, and beef. The diet is similar to the other breeds. With the specification that a food dedicated to fur maintenance will be administered. There is now a wide range of products, even especially for Persians (from Royal Canin).
The highly selective reproduction, with the tendency to obtain a shortened profile, has negative consequences. These include the deformation of the bone. As a result, the disposition of the animal’s health is also unpleasant.
Other anomalies: teeth, jaws (do not close normally and as a result, the tip of the tongue hangs from the mouth), tears of the eyes (tear channels are short and curved and tears do not flow naturally).
In severe cases, the cat’s mouth is deformed to such an extent that respiratory deficiencies may occur.
38-40% of Persian cats suffer from a genetic disease: poly cystic kidney.
The excessive length of the fur determines a particular sensitivity in Persians. It also may have seborrhea hyper secretion or eczema.
With proper and sustained care, we can maintain the health of the Persians.
The ideal cat is well-proportioned, medium or large size, robust and elegant. The head is massive, with softly rounded ears, the eyes are distended and the nose is short, giving the girl a peculiar expression.
The legs are short, the fur is long. Allure is aristocratic, majestic. Average weight: 3.5-7 kg.
For all tabby varieties, the 20 points are divided: 10 for particulars and 10 for color.
For all varieties with white (calico, dilute calico, bi-color, van calico and tabby with white), the 20 points are divided: 10 for the “white” pattern and 10 for the color.
The head must be round and mauve, with a very wide skull and a high forehead; the face is round, with a bony structure that enhances it; the head is well positioned on the short and thick neck.
The nose is short, fleshy and wide; the characteristic is de presiune from the base of the nose, which must be centered exactly between the eyes.
The cheeks are full, the jaws wide and strong, and the chin is rounded, well-developed, with a firm structure.
The ears are small, with rounded tips, straight ahead; positioned at a great distance between them, they are in perfect harmony with the round profile of the head.
Eyes – are the hallmark of rasă; Bright, big, round, they have a full color;
sunt located quite far apart from each other and give the girl that sweet expression that conquers everyone.
cobby body, with short legs; it is emphasized by the strong chest and the developed shoulders; it has strong muscles, well highlighted and an obvious tendency towards obesity
The legs are short, thick, strong and straight; the fingers, five in front and four in the back, are held closely together; presents long tufts of fur around the pillows.
Tail long, bushy and proportional to body length. Texture is fine, glossy and lively. Is long on the entire surface of the body, including the shoulder area. The collar is huge and it strokes on the chest.
The fur is long, dense, has a pointed appearance. Texture is fine, glossy and lively. Is long on the entire surface of the body, including the shoulder area. The collar is huge and continues on the chest and between the front paws; The tufts of ears and paws are very long.
The colors of the Persian are recognized 42 colors and patterns combined
If you have the time and patience, Persian is a great companion. With her unwavering charm, she is considered a “cat aristocrat”. Sociable, peaceful, never aggressive, sweet and affectionate. Understands perfectly with children and dogs.
She is very attached to the master.
It is not the fluttering of threads, suffocating, but rather cautious with people.
For the Persian cat breeding, it takes time, patience and the ability to keep calm. This cat needs more careful care, but you will surely be rewarded.
If you liked the description of the breed, you may try to adopt one. Or call to buy.
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